Mapping artisanal transport
Accra Mobility
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What is Accra Mobility ?

Context

Accra has a population of about 2 million inhabitants and approximately 70% of its commuters use informal minibus called tro tro every day. These tro tro are operated by a multitude of private operators organized in associations. Urban Transport Project funded by World Bank and AFD, led to the creation of Departments of Transport (DoTs) in January 2015 in four municipalities of Accra Metropolitan Area. DoTs are particularly I charge of taxi and tro tro regulation of taxi.

Goals

The aim of the project was to acquire knowledge of the current tro tro services including operators association, routes, level of service, and basic information on travel patterns with quick and low cost approach. The wish was to develop innovative approach using smartphone mobile technology to simplify data collection and post treatment. Side objective is to develop sustainable scalable methodology and tools to duplicate this kind of project in other cities.

Features

The project was implemented using smartphone application and dedicated surveyors which real time data collection and geotracking. 3 phases have been implemented (i) Phase 1: Identification of the route of more than 300 line (ii) Phase 2: Detailed qualification of the level of service of 60 principal lines (iii) Phase 3: Formalization of a protocol of acquisition and exploitation of the data to automate the beneficiary and allow him to make regular updates. The current website is the results of this project, Accra Tro Tro Map and level of service.

Stakeholders

This project gathered different stakeholders with main actors Accra Municipality DOT Staff (Mr Alex Johnson), AFD staff (Simon Saddier, Guillaume Meyssonnier, Antoine Chèvre, Gwenaël Prié and Augustine Attiah) and Concordia University staff (Zachary Patterson). For phase 3, project explores OpenStreetMap opportunities for mapping with Transitec and Jungle Bus Team. Project thanks for their kindly support government of Ghana, World Bank and GAPTE

Results

Our Map

Available in pdf and svg here

GTFS

Transport data are available in GTFS here

Research Papers and wiki

Some research papers are available here. The wiki made by our friends from Jungle Bus can also interest you!

Raw Data

Find the raw data directly on OpenStreetMap thanks to overpass-turbo here.

About

  • 2008

    The Urban Transort Project

    start of Urban Transport Project co financed by World Bank and AFD and creation of Urban Passenger Transport Units (UPTUs) in four municipalities of Accra Metropolitan Area

  • 2015

    The Departments of Transport

    UPTUs successfully transformed into Departments of Transport (DoTs) becoming permanent municipal entity

  • 2015

    First phase of Accra Mobility

    An assesment of 300 lines route in Accra with a new methodology using smartphones

  • 2016

    Hackathon with Accra Mobility Data

    A hackathon with local coders to create value from the data.

  • 2016

    Second phase of Accra Mobility

    Detailed qualification of the level of service of 60 principal lines

  • 2017

    Third phase of Accra Mobility

    Formalization of a protocol of acquisition and exploitation of the data to automate the beneficiary and allow him to make regular updates using OpenStreetMap platform

  • 2018

    Our next steps

    develop a common approach among different experiences (Accra Mobility, Digital Matatus, Transport for Cairo…) and proposed open source resources to enhance approach and develop similar projects in new cities

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Thinking Partners

Digital Matatus

Nairobi, Kenya

Transport for Cairo

Cairo, Egypt

Jungle Bus

Paris, France

Transitec

Lausanne, Suisse

We are working together at building methodologies to map transport for all countries.